Taxonomy of Microagressions
Subtle communications demeaning an individual's heritage/identity as a member of any marginalized group
Explicit, intentional communication conveyed in a small("micro") or private setting and meant to hurt an individual belonging to a marginalized group; such communications are most likely conscious and deliberate
Communications that nullify or diminish the experience, thoughts, or feelings of a person from a marginalized group; assumptions made/not acknowledging differences
Taxonomy of Microaffirmations
Subtle communication implying praise, admiration, or respect; very likely verbal
Explicit, intentional communication providing feedback or scaffolding of resources to support individuals who may feel unwelcome or invisible in an environment
Communication expressing appreciation or empathy regarding the experiences, thoughts, or feelings of an individual who may feel unwelcome or invisible
Content adopted from:
SMALL ACTS. BIG IMPACT.
James Ellis and Candice Powell
- Sue, D.W., Capodilupo, C.M, Torino, G.C., Bucceri, J.M., Holder, A.M.B., Nadal, K.L., and Esquilin, M. (2007). Racial Microagressions in Everyday Life: Implications for Clinical Practice. American Psychologist, 6 (4), 271-286.
- Ellis, J. M., Powell, C. S., Demetriou, C. P., Huerta-Bapat, C., & Panter, A. T. (2018). Examining first-generation college student lived experiences with microaggressions and microaffirmations at a predominately White public research university. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology.